Aiding in the
diagnosis of adenovirus infections
Test results should be used as an aid in diagnosis and should not be considered diagnostic in themselves.
Although the reference range is generally considered to be "Negative" for this assay, adenovirus DNA may be detected from asymptomatic individuals in certain settings. This assay should only be used to test patients with clinical history and symptoms consistent with adenovirus disease, and is not used to screen healthy patients.
Specimen source is required. Submit only 1 of the above specimens
Do not centrifuge body fluids or cerebrospinal fluid
Place Swab in a multimicrobe medium (M4-RT, M4,
Collect fresh tissue specimens
Calcium alginate-tipped swab, Wood swab, Transport swab containing gel
Human adenoviruses cause a variety of diseases including pneumonia, cystitis, conjunctivitis, diarrhea, hepatitis, myocarditis, and encephalitis. In humans, adenoviruses have been recovered from almost every organ system. Infections can occur at any time of the year and in all age groups. Currently, there are 57 adenovirus serotypes that have been grouped into 6 separate subgenera.
Culture is the gold standard for the diagnosis for adenovirus infection. However, it can take up to 3 weeks to achieve culture results (Mayo Clinic's shell vial culture provides more rapid results, reported at 2 and 5 days). Serological tests have faster turnaround times, but can be less sensitive compared to culture. PCR offers a rapid, specific, and sensitive means of diagnosis by detecting adenovirus DNA.
A positive result indicates the presence of adenovirus DNA in the clinical sample.
A negative result does not rule out the presence of adenovirus because viral DNA may be present at levels below the detection limits of this assay.