When phenotyping is not possible due to recent transfusion or a positive DAT.
To help resolve the weak expression of blood group antigens, for example when two or more serological reagents give conflicting results.
When a partial or variant antigen is present leading to conflicting serological antibody investigations.
To provide antigen-negative and crossmatch-compatible blood to help prevent red cell alloimmunization.
To meet the requirements for ordering rare blood from the ARDP*.
* The following alleles are provided on patients for ARDP requests: ce(48C), ce(733G), ceS, ceMO, ceEK, ceBI, ceAR, ceAG, ceJAL, ceCF, and ceTI.